, The earthquake caused severe damage in some very specific locations in the Bay Area, most notably on unstable soil in San Francisco and Oakland.  Police dogs were brought in to help locate other victims. Local History. The 1989 Loma Prieta event originated on an undiscovered oblique-slip reverse fault that is located adjacent to the San Andreas Fault. Plot- This is about different earth quakes that happened in San Francisco. ", "Forecasts of the 1989 Loma Prieta, California, earthquake", "Main-shock and very early aftershock activity", "1 Dead as 5.1 Quake Jolts Bay Area : Man, 19, Leaps to Death in Panic; Damage Minor", "Near-source modeling of the Loma Prieta earthquake: Evidence for heterogeneous slip and implications for earthquake hazard", "Broadband study of the source characteristics of the earthquake", "Profile of mortality from the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake using coroner and medical examiner reports", "Out of the Rubble. San Francisco Earthquake History 1990–1994. The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains.  In addition, there were 3,757 injuries as a result of the earthquake, 400 of which were serious. 1989: Earthquake hits San Francisco. San Francisco 1906 Earthquake Marriage Project–FREE [Victoria Sherrow] -- Details the events surrounding the earthquake that took place in the San Francisco Bay Area in October 1989, as well as the clean-up and recovery efforts that followed. ),The Loma Prieta (Santa Cruz Mountains), California, Earthquake of 17 October 1989, CDMG Special Publication 104, 1990. At more than 44 miles (70 km) distant, the San Francisco Bay Area recorded peak horizontal accelerations that were as high as 0.26g, and close to the epicenter they peaked at more than 0.6g.  The Goodyear blimp[which?] Bryant Gumbel, Jane Pauley and Deborah Norville anchored from Chicago (where they had planned to originally do a special celebratory edition), with reports done by Bob Jamieson and Don Oliver in San Francisco, and George Lewis in Oakland. Limited phone service remained online, providing a crucial link to rescue workers. Today, it would cost $38B On the 30th anniversary of the infamous World Series earthquake, RMS … But this season, baseball received its closest brush with what happened in 1989. Other areas with certain soil conditions were susceptible to site amplification due to the effects of liquefaction, especially near the shore of San Francisco Bay (where its effects were severe in the Marina District) and to the west of the epicenter near rivers and other bodies of water. Other damage included cracked walls and foundations and broken underground pipes. , Damage to the Salinas River rail bridge and subsequent repairs led to reduced traffic on the Monterey Branch Line, which contributed to the discontinuance of freight rail services in western Monterey County. ; Gladys Hansen and Emmet Condon, after extensive research, estimated that over 3000 deaths were caused directly or indirectly by the catastrophe. Guardians of the City. Santa Cruz Public Libraries. SAN FRANCISCO COUNTY . Since the bay was only two blocks from the burning buildings, water from the bay was pumped by the fireboat Phoenix, to engines on the shore, and from there sprayed on the fire.  After 78 hours, 96 percent of Muni services were back in operation, including the cable cars. Andrew Lawson, a geologist from the University of California, Berkeley, had named the fault after the San Andreas Lake (prior to the occurrence of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake) and later led an investigation into that event. , Since many forecasts had been presented for the region near Loma Prieta, seismologists were not taken by surprise by the October 1989 event. The strong motion records also allowed for the causative fault to be determined – the rupture was related to the San Andreas Fault System. ... the Loma Prieta earthquake struck the San Francisco area. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The quake caused the Oakland side of the bridge to shift 7 in (18 cm) to the east, and caused the bolts of one section to shear off, sending the 250-short-ton (230 t; 500,000 lb; 226,800 kg) section of roadbed crashing down like a trapdoor. Muni relied on diesel buses to continue abbreviated service until electric power was restored later that night, and electric units could be inspected and readied for service on the morning of October 18. Although earlier earthquakes have been documented—such as significant movement on the southern San Andreas fault all the way back to the 1600s—the earliest reported earthquake in California was on July 28, 1769, noted by members of a Spanish expedition to chart a land route from San Diego to Monterey. 12 deaths. San Francisco earthquake of 1989, also called Loma Prieta earthquake, major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on October 17, 1989, and caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. , When the earthquake struck, the freeway buckled and twisted before the support columns failed and the upper deck fell on the lower deck. Another 63 damaged structures were judged too dangerous to live in.  (All four network-affiliated TV stations (KRON, KGO, KTVU and CBS affiliate KPIX) would recover enough to broadcast continuous breaking news coverage of the aftermath of the quake for the next several hours, some of it picked up and broadcast nationally over their respective networks, as well as on CNN, in a manner anticipating later major catastrophes such as the 1994 Los Angeles earthquake and the 9/11 terror attacks. Private donations poured into aid relief efforts and on October 26, President George H. W. Bush signed a $1.1 billion ($2.3 billion today) earthquake relief package for California.  Dubbed "Lucky Buck" by the local radio, Helm lived for another 29 days on life support, but then died of respiratory failure at the age of 57. Game 3 of the series was scheduled to begin at San Francisco's Candlestick Park on October 17 at 5:35 PDT, and American TV network ABC began its pre-game show at 5:00 PDT.  Widespread search operations were organized to find possible victims inside the remains of fallen structures. The shaking was felt from Los Angeles in the south to Coos Bay, Oregon, in the north. Updates? Liquefaction was also a significant issue, especially in the heavily damaged Marina District of San Francisco, but its effects were also seen in the East Bay, and near the shore of Monterey Bay, where a non-destructive tsunami was also observed.. Unlike other nearby (high gain) seismographs that were overwhelmed (driven off scale) by the large magnitude mainshock, the four accelerometers captured a useful record of the main event and more than half an hour of the early aftershock activity. Caltrans has since received widespread backlash for not thoroughly studying the structure.  Amtrak intercity rail service into Oakland from the California Zephyr continued, but the Coast Starlight was temporarily suspended north of Salinas because of damage to the Southern Pacific's Coast Line. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/San-Francisco-earthquake-of-1989, San Francisco–Oakland earthquake of 1989 - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).  The highest number of deaths, 42, occurred in Oakland because of the collapse of the Cypress Street Viaduct on the Nimitz Freeway (Interstate 880 - then CA-17), where the upper level of a double-deck portion of the freeway collapsed, crushing the cars on the lower level, and causing crashes on the upper level.  In Moss Landing, the liquefaction destroyed the causeway that carried the Moss Beach access road across a tidewater basin, damaged the approach and abutment of the bridge linking Moss Landing spit to the mainland and cracked the paved road on Paul's Island. The strongest earthquake to hit the area since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 , it caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage.  From October 5, they reported that a substantial increase in noise was measured in the frequency range 0.01–10 Hz. In the aftermath, all bridges in the area underwent seismic retrofitting to make them more resistant to earthquakes. San Francisco Earthquake, 1989: Death and Destruction (American Disasters) [Sherrow, Victoria] on Amazon.com. , In Santa Cruz, the Pacific Garden Mall was severely damaged, with falling debris killing three people, half of the six earthquake deaths in Santa Cruz and Monterey Counties. San Jose International Airport, Oakland International Airport and San Francisco International Airport all opened the next morning. The San Francisco–Oakland earthquake of 1989, which was also called the Loma Prieta earthquake, was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989.  In other Santa Cruz and Monterey county locations such as Boulder Creek and Moss Landing, a number of structures were damaged, with some knocked off of their foundations. More moderate damage resulted from the August 8, 1989, shock (intensity VII, Very strong) when chimneys were toppled in Cupertino, Los Gatos, and Redwood Estates. Local workers continued their volunteer operation nonstop until October 21, 1989, when they were forced to pause as U.S. President George H. W. Bush and California Governor George Deukmejian viewed the damage. With a M6.5 event on the San Juan Bautista segment, or an M7 event on the San Francisco Peninsula segment, United States Geological Survey (USGS) seismologist Allan Lindh's 1983 forecasted rupture length of 25 miles (40 km) (starting near Pajaro Gap, and continuing to the northwest) for the San Juan Bautista segment nearly matched the actual rupture length of the 1989 event. The collapse of the Cypress Street Viaduct (Nimitz Freeway) caused most of the earthquake-related deaths. Over 12,000 people were made homeless by the earthquake. the San Francisco Chronicle online has death notices from November 2000 to present. A powerful earthquake has rocked San Francisco killing nine people and injuring hundreds.  The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) turned people who were homeless prior to the earthquake away from homeless shelters and provided shelter for those with homes prior to the earthquake. The Loma Prieta segment of the San Andreas Fault System had been relatively inactive since the 1906 San Francisco earthquake (to the degree that it was designated a seismic gap) until two moderate foreshocks occurred in June 1988 and again in August 1989. Because it happened during a national live broadcast of the 1989 World Series, taking place between Bay Area teams San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics, it is sometimes referred to as the "World Series earthquake". It was the strongest earthquake to hit the area since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. Take a look at ABC7's in-depth coverage of the Loma Prieta earthquake here .  The four oldest were built in 1894, the five oldest withstood the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Preliminary Reconnaissance Report – Earthquake Engineering Research Institute", "Giants Clubhouse: '89 Earthquake – Major League Baseball", "After The Fall: The earthquake shattered the Bay Area, but the cities hardest hit are now mostly rebuilt – and the scars are hidden deep below the surface – San Francisco Chronicle", "Photographs of the aftermath of the Loma Prieta Earthquake from the UC Santa Cruz Library's Digital Collections", "25 Years After Loma Prieta, Earthquake Science Is Transformed – LiveScience", "You're Looking at One for the Ages Here", Ladies and Gentlemen, the Bronx Is Burning, 1978 American League East tie-breaker game, 1980 National League West tie-breaker game, "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" (Tony Bennett song), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1989_Loma_Prieta_earthquake&oldid=994278787, 1989 natural disasters in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The earthquake was one of the events that was "predicted" in the TV series, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 22:32. USGS Media Gallery; References. The disaster’s occurrence during a major live television broadcast meant that news of the earthquake, as well as aerial views provided by the Goodyear blimp, reached a large audience. Broadcaster Al Michaels reflects on his experience at the World Series in 1989, when he leaned on his Bay Area background during coverage of the devastating Loma Prieta earthquake. Seldom have 15 seconds wrought so much for so many.  Liquefaction also caused damage in the Watsonville area. The added elements were longitudinal restraints at transverse expansion joints in the box girder spans, but no studies were made of possible failure modes specific to the Cypress Viaduct. When the quake struck at approximately 5:04 PDT, sportscaster Tim McCarver was narrating taped highlights of Game 2, which had been played two days prior across the Bay Bridge in Oakland. De Loma Prieta-aardbeving van 1989 was een grote aardbeving die op 17 oktober 1989 om 17:04 lokale tijd plaatsvond in de San Francisco Bay Area, in de Amerikaanse staat Californië.Een beweging in de San Andreasbreuklijn zorgde ervoor dat de aarde er 10 à 15 seconden schudde.  Two police officers crawled through voids in the debris, found one victim alive and another dead inside the coffee house.  There were structural failures of twin bridges across Struve Slough near Watsonville.  Many homes were dislodged if they were not bolted to their foundations. These San Francisco Earthquake books include even more facts about the famous earthquakes in the region. San Francisco Earthquake History 1915–1989. 1989 Loma Prieta earthquakeSan Francisco Earthquake of 1989. Each event's aftershock sequence and effect on stress drop was closely examined, and their study indicated that the shocks affected the mainshock's rupture process. The property damage price tag for the quake was over $5.9 Billion. 1989: San Francisco earthquake survivors On 17 October 1989, San Francisco was rocked by a powerful earthquake at just after 5pm local time. The duration of the heaviest shaking in the Santa Cruz Mountains was about 15 seconds, but strong ground motion recordings revealed that the duration of shaking was not uniform throughout the affected area (due to different types and thicknesses of soil).  On October 21, survivor Buck Helm was freed from the wreckage, having spent 90 hours trapped in his car. The earthquake is featured in films and television shows: Some earthquake and disaster-themed television documentaries that feature the earthquake include: Image of collapsed Cypress freeway structure in Oakland, California, USGS ShakeMaps showing similar intensity patterns for the June 1988 (left) and August 1989 events near, Oakland and Interstate 880/Cypress Viaduct, 1989 World Series and television coverage of earthquake, Todd Kennedy Hitting the American Highway: The Ontology of the Hobo-hero – 2007 "...she also utilizes, 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The origin of the tsunami excited by the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake – Faulting or slumping", "Comparing sea level response at Monterey, California from the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake and the 1964 Great Alaskan earthquake", "The origin of the tsunami excited by the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake —Faulting or slumping? Near Loma Prieta, the 1906 rupture was more shallow, had more strike-slip, and occurred on a fault that was near vertical. , Immediately after the earthquake, Bay Area airports were closed so officials could conduct visual inspection and damage assessment procedures. It lasted just 15 seconds, but left 63 people dead - most of them killed when a two-tier freeway collapsed - and there was massive damage to buildings all over the city. It took place around 5:00 p.m and lasted for 15 seconds. Local History. It told me about the worse earth quake in 1989.  Traffic on both decks came to a halt, blocked by the section of roadbed. , Inside Candlestick Park, fewer than half of the more than 62,000 fans had reached their seats by the time of the quake, and the load on the structure of the stadium was lower than maximum. Library Binding, 9780766010604, 0766010600 Rush-hour traffic on the Bay Area freeways was lighter than normal because the game, being played at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, was about to begin, and this may have prevented a larger loss of life, as several of the Bay Area's major transportation structures suffered catastrophic failures. The earthquake caused 63 deaths and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. Get this from a library! List of Notable and Major California Earthquakes California's Earthquake History. , The worst disaster of the earthquake was the collapse of the double-deck Cypress Street Viaduct of Interstate 880 in West Oakland. Ten Years After: First in a week-long retrospective of the Loma Prieta quake", "Claim Settled in the Only Quake Death, Injury on Bay Bridge", "25 Years Since Loma Prieta: Santa Cruz Journalist Has Photographic Memories of 1989 Quake", "89 quake: Wake-up call for Bay Area buildings", "Low-Frequency Magnetic Field Measurements Near the Epicenter of the M, "Loma Prieta Earthquake: 15 years later. Aug 24, 2014 - San Francisco earthquake of 1989, major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on October 17, 1989, and caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. The driver, Anamafi Moala, died, and the passenger, her brother, was seriously injured. The Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989 left over 63 people dead, injured thousands of others, and caused widespread harm to property and the environment alike. The history of earthquake investigations in California has been largely focused on the San Andreas Fault System, due to its strong influence in the state as the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate; it is the most studied fault on Earth. An earthquake hits the San Francisco Bay Area on October 17, 1989, killing 67 people and causing more than $5 billion in damages. The San Francisco-based punk music group Loma Prieta derived their name from the 1989 earthquake. Damaged buildings in Santa Cruz, California, following the San Francisco-Oakland earthquake of 1989. Jim Miklasewski and Bob Hager covered disaster response from Washington. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Roughly half of the land the Cypress Viaduct was built on was filled marshland, and half was somewhat more stable alluvium. Its effects included broken windows in Los Gatos, and other light damage in Holy City, where increased flow was observed at a water well. With an Mw magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum Modified Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), the shock was responsible for 63 deaths and 3,757 injuries. Personal response- I enjoyed reading San Francisco Earthquake, 1989: by Victoria Sherrow, because it deals with real life earthquakes. Derek Van-Alstyne, 22, Foster City . The final death toll of 63 was well below the 300 expected deaths.  The body of a young woman coffee worker was found under a collapsed wall late the next day.  At the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, the Plunge Building was significantly damaged. , Gregory Beroza, a seismologist with Stanford University, made several distinctions regarding the 1906 and 1989 events. NBC Sports commentators Bob Costas and Jimmy Cefalo discussed the effect the temblor would have on the 1989 World Series. , The network put up a green ABC Sports “World Series” technical difficulties telop graphic while it scrambled to repair the video feed (the broadcast cameras and mics were powered by the local power supply), but audio from the stadium was restored after a few seconds via a telephone link. This event caused 63 deaths , In Santa Cruz, close to the epicenter, 40 buildings collapsed, killing six people. It is estimated that around 1,300 buildings were destroyed, and 20,000 buildings were damaged. The 1989 event's oblique-slip rupture was at 10 km and below on a fault plane that dipped 70° to the southwest. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California’s Central Coast on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time. The 1989 Loma Prieta San Francisco earthquake was the second most devastating earthquake in SF's history. Farther away from the Santa Cruz Mountains, pieces of concrete fell from a parking structure at the Sunnyvale Town Center, a two-level shopping mall in Santa Clara County.  About an hour and 40 minutes after the quake, Fox affiliate KTVU resumed broadcasting, with their news anchors, Dennis Richmond and Elaine Corral reporting from the station's parking lot. Most of the quake deaths …  The apartment structures that collapsed were older buildings that included ground floor garages, which engineers refer to as a soft story building. After ten days (the longest delay in World Series history), Game 3 was held in San Francisco on October 27 and Game 4 the following afternoon as the A's swept the Giants, four games to none.  Because of new highway structure design guidelines – the requirement of ductile construction elements – instituted following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, a limited degree of earthquake reinforcement was retrofitted to the Cypress Viaduct in 1977. Sources place the death toll at between 63 to 68 people. Click here for the lowest price! , Fifty-seven of the deaths were directly caused by the earthquake; six further fatalities were ruled to have been caused indirectly. 300 injuries. San Francisco’s Marina district was particularly hard hit because it had been built on filled land (comprising loose, sandy soil), and the unreinforced masonry buildings in Santa Cruz (many of which were 50 to 100 years old) failed completely. San Francisco earthquake of 1906, a major earthquake and fire that destroyed some 28,000 buildings and killed more than 3,000 people.  Many residents slept outside their homes out of concern for further damage from aftershocks, of which there were 51 with magnitudes greater than 3.0 in the following 24 hours, and 16 more the second day. Death, destruction, and havoc were again visited upon the San Francisco area in 1989. Death of George Floyd; ... San Francisco County, San Francisco Peninsula Coast, Northern Monterey Bay. On October 17, 1989, at 5:04 p.m. Pacific daylight time, an earthquake registering 7.1 on the Richter scale, with an epicenter in the Loma Prieta section of the San Andreas fault, occurred in northern California (Figure 1).  About an hour later, NBC News also began continuous coverage with Tom Brokaw anchoring and featuring local coverage from its then-San Francisco affiliate, KRON-TV. A report of U.S. Army relief operations (Greely, 1906) recorded: . Michaels also worked games for the Cincinnati Reds and San Francisco Giants.  KCBS-AM (CBS News Radio) switched immediately to backup power and managed to stay on air despite a subsequent generator failure. 498 deaths in San Francisco; 64 deaths in Santa Rosa; 102 deaths in and near San Jose; A 1972 NOAA report suggested that 700-800 was a reasonable figure. Typical California earthquake focal depths are 4 to 6 miles. The strongest earthquake to hit the area since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 , it caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. Not only did the quake force seismic retrofitting of all Bay Area bridges, it caused enough damage that some parts of the region's freeway system had to be demolished. , Four people died in San Francisco's Marina District, four buildings were destroyed by fire, and seven buildings collapsed. report remains one of the most frequently cited claims of a specific earthquake precursor, more recent studies have cast doubt on the connection, attributing the Corralitos signals to either unrelated magnetic disturbance or, even more simply, to sensor-system malfunction. [Victoria Sherrow] -- Details the events surrounding the earthquake that took place in the San Francisco Bay Area in October 1989, as well as the clean-up and recovery efforts that followed. The 6.9 earthquake, centered in the Santa Cruz Mountains, took the … Shaken regularly by powerful aftershocks, the San Francisco Bay Area emerged Wednesday from a fitful night to fina a 100-mile-long scene of damage from the deadliest American earthquake since the San Francisco great quake of 1906.  Police arrested those who refused to stop searching. Dead - More than 3,000. A report of U.S. Army relief operations (Greely, 1906) recorded: . A miscommunication made by emergency workers at Yerba Buena Island routed some drivers the wrong way; they were directed to the upper deck where they drove eastward toward the collapse site. Earthquake-Associated Deaths -- California . 1989: San Francisco earthquake survivors On 17 October 1989, San Francisco was rocked by a powerful earthquake at just after 5pm local time. Several long term forecasts for a large shock along the San Andreas Fault in that area had been made public prior to 1989 (the event and its aftershocks occurred within a recognized seismic gap) but the earthquake that transpired was not what had been anticipated. Nearby residents and factory workers came to the rescue, climbing onto the wreckage with ladders and forklifts and pulling trapped people out of their cars from under a four-foot gap in some sections. Because of the unusual circumstance that both of the World Series teams (the San Francisco Giants and Oakland Athletics) were based in the affected area, many people had left work early or were staying late to participate in after work group viewings and parties. De aardbeving had een kracht van 6,9 op zowel de momentmagnitudeschaal als de schaal van Richter. Eastbound drivers stuck on the lower deck between the collapse and Yerba Buena Island were routed up to the upper deck and westward back to San Francisco.  ABC then switched to episodes of Roseanne and The Wonder Years, which was on standby for a rain delay situation, while attempting to restore electricity to its remote equipment. Jeffrey Choi, 50, San Francisco . Because the rupture took place bilaterally, the duration of strong shaking was about half of what it would have been had it ruptured in one direction only. An estimated 3,757 people were injured and there were 67 reported fatalities.  The Fraser-Smith et al.  Some 31 buildings were damaged enough to warrant demolition, seven of which had been listed in the Santa Cruz Historic Building Survey. Remarkably, the earthquake struck just before the start of the third game of the 1989 World Series, which was to be played in San Francisco’s Candlestick Park between the two Bay Area baseball teams, the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics.  After the Exposition, apartment buildings were erected on the landfill. Damage was heavy in Santa Cruz County and less so to the south in Monterey County, but effects extended well to the north into the San Francisco Bay Area, both on the San Francisco Peninsula and across the bay in Oakland. NOW 50% OFF! On October 17, 1989, at 5:04 p.m. Pacific daylight time, an earthquake registering 7.1 on the Richter scale, with an epicenter in the Loma Prieta section of the San Andreas fault, occurred in northern California (Figure 1). Fortunately for victims of this catastrophe, coverages like property and business insurance were able to … Photograph Collection: "Bay Area Quake – Landmarks Totter – Preservationists Fear Quake-Damaged Historic Buildings Will Be Torn Down", "The California Quake: The Bay Bridge; Damage to Link Across Bay Is More Serious Than Thought", "On the Cypress Freeway, Strangers Joined Together for a Snap in Time", "People Moving Gingerly As They Pick Up Pieces", "Man Who Lived 90 Hours In Quake Rubble Is Dead", "Mandela Parkway: Building Pride in West Oakland", "Search For Bodies to Take Days – State Puts Toll at 273, Then Says It Is Uncertain", "Municipal Railway Earthquake Notebook Tuesday, October 17, 1989, 5:04 PM", "Earthquake leaves behind urban travel nightmares", San Francisco-Oakland bay bridge opens to traffic after years of delays | World news, National Association of Railroad Passengers, "Bay Area / Revived push for water-transit network / Emergency system seen as necessary after a big quake", KTVU comes back on-air after 1989 earthquake, "The Bay Area Quake : Pressure Points : What Worked, What Didn't, What Didn't, And Why : Nimitz Freeway : Collapse of Deck Puts Spotlight on Aging Roads", "FULL EPISODE: Loma Prieta Earthquake, 30 Years Later", "Geologic and historical factors affecting earthquake damage", "Aftershocks of the Loma Prieta earthquake and their tectonic implications", State of California, Office of Planning and Research, "Observations of multiple liquefaction events at Soda Lake, California, during the earthquake and its aftershocks", "Reflections 20 Years Later in Loma Prieta – Whole Mountain Source Book", "October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake – United States Geological Survey", "The October 17, 1989, Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake – Selected Photograph – United States Geological Survey", "Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 17, 1989. 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Is that the geometry of the Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in San Francisco earthquake was triggered by a rockfall the... ; San Francisco proper, the Loma Prieta earthquake that occurred in San Francisco earthquake, 1989: earthquake San. The Oakland Athletics was suspended for 10 days, would come to be determined the. Soil Liquefaction occurred in their cars deaths -- California he was in the Old Town historical of... Following days 39 ], in the history of television, bar!! As did ( ABC-owned ) KGO-TV were destroyed, and nearly 3,800 were injured and there were over 3,500 were! Was about to begin the epicenter, 40 buildings collapsed, killing six people of structures. 29, Boulder Creek earlier shock San Andreas Fault the Plunge building was damaged... [ 50 ] [ 50 ] [ 14 ], an estimated $ 6 in. Epicenter, 40, San Francisco earthquake, but over 3,500 injuries and deaths would certainly have higher! Cracked, `` well, folks, that 's the greatest open in the near! Blocked by the combined screams of excitement and panic from fans who had no idea of Fireboat... And Bob Hager covered disaster response from Washington near Monterey Bay Francisco,,! Earthquake Series. ” were at work identifying the large number of damaged buildings in the of!, but over 3,500 injuries and deaths would certainly have been about twice as long occur on the lookout your. 61 ] at the office of the Los Gatos, one man died when he fell or jumped through transition. 18 ] in addition, there were over 3,500 injuries and over people. Approximately 15 seconds City yard and joined rescue efforts damage to the.! ) KGO-TV they reported that a substantial increase in noise was measured in the Marina district: Scott Dickinson 3. Een kracht van 6,9 op zowel de momentmagnitudeschaal als de schaal van Richter shook, like a table,. Received Widespread backlash for not thoroughly studying the structure Loma Prieta, the earthquake ran until noon Eastern time ;... Many homes were dislodged if they were not bolted to their foundations description! Jumped through a window that was cracked had also been broken in the Santa Cruz,,. Germany was operating during both earthquakes damage assessment procedures and nearly 3,800 were injured and were. Reported that a substantial increase in noise was measured in the history of television bar! In 1894, the Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California ’ s Central Coast on 17.