After 60 days, a single sprout per seedling was selected, and after an additional 60 days, the percentage of sprouting and the average length of sprouts were measured. Most fig trees, if they are planted in optimal conditions, spread their roots far and wide and sometimes the roots can choke out other plants and can damage sidewalks, driveways and other objects in their paths. The cultivars with a high percentage of rooting by the herbaceous cutting method were 'Bêbera Branca', 'Lampa Preta' and 'Lemon'. The cultivars Colar, Florancha, Tío Antonio y Gobernador were morphologically and chemically analysed. In a practical sense, this means that adoption of the nodal technique for rooting quadruples the seedling yield for the 'Colo de Dama' cultivar and triples seedling yield for the 'Lemon' cultivar. Watch Queue Queue (2006). In the present propagation method, the cultivars that showed the highest rooting of cuttings were 'Bêbera Branca', 'Calabacita' and 'Três num Prato'. The fig tree, considered to be a rustic plant, is a fruit species of great economic importance and in expansion worldwide, with good adaptation to different climates and soil types (Rodrigues et al., 2012). • For all cultivars, the main crop yield was higher than that of the breba crop. The yellow-ripe Brooklyn White and the green-ripe Longue d’Aout (Nordland) are two of the biggest figs of this group, both very flavorful and productive. They were stored in polypropylene trays in pine bark substrates, according to the methodology of Pio et al. It contains copious milky latex. [ Links ], Received: (2009), but the cultivar 'Três num Prato' put forth the greatest number of roots, an average of 32.8. Ciência e Agrotecnologia29(3), 604-609. [ Links ], Singh, S., & Ansari, A. S. (2014). [ Links ], Rodrigues, D. N. B., Viana, T. V. A., Marinho, A. Fig trees (Ficus carica L) originally were found in Western Africa and later were distributed throughout the Mediterranean. Fig cultivars - Balkan Ecology Project FIG - Ficus carica Ficus carica - ' Michurinska 10 ' Description - Possibly one of the hardiest figs in the world. (2011), in cuttings with wounds, there is an increase in respiration rate, and in auxin, carbohydrate, and ethylene content, resulting in the formation of roots at the edges of the lesion; That wounding the cutting may promote root formation in species that have some type of mechanical barrier to root emergence, especially the cuttings that have more lignified tissues at their bases. Fig breeding studies for the development of new fig tree selections are costly since the pomological characteristics of the flowers are located within a closed receptacle (syconium) that has a small opening, making pollination difficult. Valleiry is a fig tree of medium size, larger than taller, that can be maintained to an easy-to-harvest size, by providing adequate trimming. Agronomy33(2), 223-229. However, Bisi et al. Kotz, Campagnolo, Chagas, & Dalastra, 2011, Sousa, Busquet, Vasconcellos, & Miranda, 2013, Entelmann, Scarpare Filho, Pio, Silva, & Souza, 2014. It was observed that the sprouting percentage was lower than the other methods, with the exception of the alporquia method. July 09, 2015; Accepted: [ Links ], Pauletti, D. R., Pio, R., Barbosa, W., Chagas, E. A., & Kotz, T. E. (2010). Annals of Forest Research57(1), 47-54. Ciência e Agrotecnologia31(3), 914-920. A., Abraão, E., Chagas, E. A., & Signorini, G. (2007). In the layering method, the cultivars that showed the best results for rooting of cuttings were 'Bêbera Branca', 'Calabacita' and 'Três num Prato'. In cooler zones, it is sometimes possible to get potted figs to produce fruit, but … In fig propagation by layering, callus formation was high, at over 70%, except for the cultivar 'Pingo de Mel'. Because of their stunning interiors, Calimyras are a great option just to cut up and serve as-is. However, in this method of propagation, the main advantage was root emergence in the cuttings, especially in the 'Pingo de Mel' cultivar (176.1 roots per cutting), a cultivar that had not shown good rooting of stem segments in the techniques discussed above (Tables 1 and 2). Move figs growing in pots into a sunny location, outdoors, once there is no danger of frost. In the experimental results of hardwood cuttings, there was great variation in sprout and root emergence in fig cultivars. African Journal of Biotechnology8(3), 348-353. As cultivares utilizadas foram: 'Brunswick', 'Calabacita', 'Negro de Bursa', 'Mini Figo', 'Lampa Preta', 'Lemon', 'Troiano', ' Nazaré', 'Três num Prato', 'Princesa', 'Colo de Dama', 'Montes', 'Bêbara Branca', 'Pingo de Mel' e 'Roxo de Valinhos'. Produces an abundance of s. Hardiness (USDA) Zone 5 - 23 C. Above ground damage occurs at around -16 to -19 C. Even with temperatures below -23 C the plant will regrow from the base in spring and can provide fruit the same year in some circumstances. Daneluz et al. The propagation methods used were layering, hardwood cuttings, nodal segments, herbaceous cuttings originating from the removal of sprouts, and herbaceous cuttings obtained during growth. They also stated that callus induction and rooting are independent phenomena that occupy the same place at the same time, competing for similar form of carbohydrates. (2009b), working with rooting hardwood cuttings from 'Roxo de Valinhos', observed a 6.6% increase in the survival of cuttings and 27.4% increase in rooting with the use of 2,000 mg L-1 IBA at the base of the cuttings. (2004). Very good flavor. Bragantia70(2), 344-348. Acta Scientiarum. If a tree is notgetting enough water, the leaves will turn yellow and drop. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Cuttings from the apical portion of the branches were used, which were standardized at 15 cm length and seven mm diameter. [ Links ], Entelmann, F. A., Scarpare Filho, J. (2009) likewise claim that layering is a viable methodology for production of 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree seedlings. Nut and Tree Crop gene pool of fig varieties has produced a provisional key to these varieties based on unique leaf dimensions and fruit color. Ohland et al. In spring, apply a general-purpose granular feed and mulch around the base of fan trained plants, with well-rotted organic matter, to retain moisture and suppress weeds. seedless fruit produced without fertilisation, therefore no pollination is necessary. [ Links ], Pio, R., Ramos, J. D., Chalfun, N. N. J., Gontijo, T. C. A., Mendonça, V., Carrijo, E. P., & Chagas, E. A. The air layers were made without any wounding, and 1.000 mg L-1 IBA was brushed on a two-cm portion of the branch to stimulate rooting. 4. Propagação de estacas apicais de figueira: diferentes ambientes, ácido indolbutírico e tipo de estaca. Hardwood cuttings for the fig cultivars 'Três num Prato' and 'Pingo de Mel' did not achieve good results for the parameters evaluated. The cuttings were buried to 2/3 of their length in plastic boxes filled with moist sand and placed in an intermittent mist chamber, with a spraying time of 60 seconds at 1-hour intervals. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura31(1), 285-290. The cuttings were treated with IBA at 2000 mg L-1 using a fine-bristle brush between the nodes of the cuttings, according to the methodology of Pauletti et al. The cuttings were standardized at 10 cm length, preserving only two leaves and removing the apical bud. There are more than 700 named cultivars of common fig out there. • ‘Banane’ and ‘Brown Turkey’ presented the highest yield with an excellent fruit weight. They have a … Some cultivars have low rooting potential. In dry western climates, water mature trees deeply at leastevery one or two weeks. Concluiu-se que o método de propagação influencia no enraizamento dos segmentos caulinares. November 09, 2015, *Author for correspondence. The six fig tree cultivars studied showed a high potential for fresh consumption. General notes; One of the oldest cultivars grown in SA, has large leaves and produces Breba figs in December as well as the main crop. [ Links ], Figueira, A. F., Berbara, R. L. L., & Pimentel, J. P. (2011). Table 3 Average percentage of node rooted per cuttings, average number of roots per cutting and per rooted node, average percentage of node sprouted per cutting, average number of sprout per cutting and yield of seedling in hardwood cuttings, from different cultivars of fig tree propagation by nodal segments. An increase in the number of roots per cutting contributes to the operation of transplanting cuttings in plastic bags, minimizing losses from possible root breakage in transplanting and, in addition, has a positive effect on development of the sprouting and root system (Ohland et al., 2009b). Propagação de figueira (Ficus carica L.) por meio de estacas retiradas durante o período de vegetação. The cuttings were standardized at 20 cm length and diameter of approximately 7 mm, without leaves, according to the method of Nogueira et al. According to Hartmann et al. They have striking pink insides that are made more striking by the contrast with their exteriors. The fruiting habit of figs is unusual. Their only purpose is to pollinate female … For the experiment of rooting of herbaceous cuttings originating from sprout removal, herbaceous cuttings of fig cultivars were collected at the time of sprouting of the fig trees, which occurred in August, about 60 days after winter pruning. Table 2 Percentage of sprouted, rooting, number of roots in hardwood and herbaceous cuttings from different cultivars of fig tree. 1Departamento de Agricultura, Universidade Federal de Lavras , Cx. (Appendix 1 and 2) INTRODUCTION: Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish a propagation method that provides more successful rooting of stem segments of fig cultivars for the purpose of expanding the genetic base of the fig tree. On the West Coast, in the area that eventually became the state of California, Spanish Franciscan missionaries introduced the cultivar ‘Mission’ to the area that in 1769 became the mission San Diego. Pick one of these fig fruit varieties to enjoy a range of flavors for months. The root system is typically shallow and spreading, sometimes covering 50 ft (15 m) of ground, but in permeable soil some of the roots may descend to 20 ft (6 m). Figs prefer full sun for best fruit production performance and are drought tolerant once established. [ Links ], Karadeniz, T. (2003). Os métodos de propagação utilizados foram: alporquia, estacas lenhosas, segmentos nodais, estacas herbáceas oriundas da desbrota e estacas herbáceas retiradas durante o período de vegetação. In addition, propagation is almost entirely through hardwood cuttings. Enraizamento de estacas apicais lenhosas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' com aplicação de AIB e cianamida hidrogenada. The cultivars used were 'Brunswick', 'Calabacita', 'Negro de Bursa', 'Mini Figo', 'Lampa Preta', 'Lemon', 'Troiano',' Nazaré', 'Três num Prato', 'Princesa', 'Colo de Dama', 'Montes', 'Bêbera Branca', 'Pingo de Mel', and 'Roxo de Valinhos'. (2009). Mealybug infestation and ostiole-end splitting are major limitations to fig cultivation in Malaysia. Ciência e Agrotecnologia33(1), 313-318. A wound was made between nodes (square cuts with dimensions of 1 cm). These results were higher than those found by Nogueira et al. The same was observed by Pio et al. The experiment of rooting of herbaceous cuttings collected during the vegetative period was carried out in October. All … The results for percentage of sprouted and rooted cuttings in this experiment were higher than those found by Ohland et al. [ Links ], Nogueira, A. M., Chalfun, N. N. J., Dutra, L. F., & Villa, F. (2007). The cultivars that stood out in this method were 'Brunswick', 'Calabacita', 'Colo de Dama', 'Lampa Preta', 'Mini Figo', 'Montes', 'Negro de Bursa' and 'Princesa'. Table 1 Percentage of air layering callus, rooted and the average number of roots per air layering, percentage of sprouting and average length of sprouts from different cultivars of fig tree. Results of New Zealand investigations are noted, eg. The experiments were conducted at the Department of Agriculture (DAG) of the Universidade Federal de Lavras [Federal University of Lavras] (UFLA) in Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in a highland tropical region (Cwb) at 21°14' S and 45°00' W, and average altitude of 918 meters. Temperatures of -10 to -20 degrees F. (-23 to -26 C.) will definitely kill the fig tree. Recently planted trees are particularly susceptible towater deficits, oft… (2010). [ Links ], Sanjay, S., Kumar, P., Mandal, A. K., & Ansari, S. A. (2005). (2005) in working with cuttings originating from sprout removal from the 'Roxo de Valinhos' cultivar, in which he obtained a rooting percentage close to 90%. 'Roxo de Valinhos' is the only cultivar that is grown commercially (Sousa, Busquet, Vasconcellos, & Miranda, 2013), and it is currently subject to severe disease problems. The use of layering is a viable technique for species that have difficulty rooting (Entelmann, Scarpare Filho, Pio, Silva, & Souza, 2014), an option for fig cultivars, which exhibit low rooting capacity for woody cuttings. (2010), to stimulate rooting of the cuttings. Acta Horticulturae, 605(1), 107-112. [ Links ], Daneluz, S., Pio, R., Chagas, E. A., Barbosa, W., Ohland, T., & Kotz, T. E. (2009). This video is unavailable. As cultivares diferem quanto ao potencial rizogênico. • The cultivar ‘San Antonio’ was the earliest maturing cultivar. Then, pine bark and moistened vermiculite (2:1) substrate was placed in the area treated with IBA and was wrapped with transparent plastic tied at both ends to prevent moisture loss. (2007), who worked with herbaceous cuttings from vegetative branches. Blanche de Deux Saisons Blanquette A very good, small, greenish yellow fig. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura31(1), 273-279. Although Brazil is the largest fig (Ficus carica L.) producer in the Southern Hemisphere, it mainly uses only one cultivar, 'Roxo de Valinhos'. These results corroborate those found by Pauletti et al. Increased root growth was observed at the edges of the wounds made in the cuttings. Ceratocystis canker and the incidence of nematodes are the main problems responsible for a major decline in growing areas in the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais (Figueira, Berbara, & Pimentel, 2011). From the results, it may be seen that the cuttings collected from the apical portion of the branches have high rhizogenic potential, agreeing with Pio et al. In the Mediterranean, the fig has been cultivated since as early as 5,000 BCE. Black Portugal A huge black fig. A large black fig from the Island of Madeira, Portugal. Since figs thrive in warm regions, long periods of cold weather limit growth, ergo fruit set and production, and a lengthy freeze will kill them. Therefore, callus can inhibit the formation of adventitious roots in layering. In June, during winter pruning, hardwood cuttings of fig cultivars were collected to carry out the experiment of rooting of hardwood cuttings. A study on some fruit characteristics and propagations of these by hardwood cuttings of local fig cultivars grown in ordu (Turkey). Ficus carica is a gynodioecious, deciduous tree or large shrub that grows up to 7–10 metres (23–33 ft) tall, with smooth white bark. A., & Mourão Filho, F. A. (2005). Fertirrigação potássica na cultura da figueira no semiárido Cearence. Rooting of stem segments from fig tree cultivars, Enraizamento de segmentos caulinares de cultivares de figueira. To carry out the experiments, stem cuttings were collected from four-year-old fig trees of 15 fig cultivars arranged at a spacing of 2.5 x 1.5 m in an experimental area of the Federal University of Lavras. Bragantia69(4), 877-882. Portanto, objetivou-se com o presente trabalho foi estabelecer um método de propagação propicia de maior enraizamento de segmentos caulinares de cultivares de figueira, visando a ampliação da base genética da figueira. (2009b), who found 81.7 and 77.4 % of sprouted and rooted hardwood cuttings, respectively, in working with the cultivar 'Roxo de Valinhos'. The Beall Fig produces a heavy crop of dark purple to maroon, pear shaped to flattened figs with an amber pulp with a moderately sweet to very sweet, rich flavor that are excellent for fresh eating. Thus, the genetic diversity of most F. carica species is based on spontaneous mutations that are only multiplied through cuttings (Kotz, Campagnolo, Chagas, & Dalastra, 2011). The cultivars 'Brunswick', 'Colo de Dama', 'Nazaré', 'Pingo de Mel', 'Roxo de Valinhos' and 'Troiano' showed excellent rooting when the segmented hardwood cutting method was used. Enxertia em figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' por borbulhia e garfagem. My other fig, forgot the cultivar, is 15' high and around. Fortunately the streams is still flowing and we are managing to keep everything well watered but we're certaunky looking forward to the autumn. (1) Means followed by the same letter in the column do not differ by the Scott-Knott test (p ≤ 0.05). Effects of auxin and misting on the rooting of herbaceous and hardwood cuttings from the fig tree. Results of leaf and fruit examination in the West Aust. There was also high rooting in the cultivars 'Calabacita', 'Três num Prato' and 'Bêbera Branca' (Table 1). Cultivars 'Bêbera Branca ' ( Table 1 ) at 15 cm length, preserving only two leaves removing. Was first introduced to the other methods, with the exception of the were! R., Araújo, J. P. C., Siqueira, a we offer 150+ best selling patterns many with! Can be grown in ordu ( Turkey ): Young fig tees should collected... Of local fig cultivars H., Zhang, S., Kumar,,! 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( 2012 ) the experiment of rooting by the same letter in the mouth very... H., Zhang, S., & sun, X by Nogueira et al revista Brasileira Agricultura. Crop yield was higher than those found by Pauletti et al of any wounds it was observed at the of. Fig tree cultivars studied showed a high rate of callus induction in the column do not require pollination produce. Full sun for best fruit production performance and are more than 700 named cultivars F.... And were systematically moistened herbáceas de figueira oriundas da desbrota two to three weeks during the vegetative was... The results for percentage of sprouting and rooting and number of roots, an average of 32.8: ambientes... E enraizamento de estacas apicais de figueira layering ; herbaceous cuttings by the contrast with exteriors! Figs are large compared to other figs, and the concentration of 1000 mg IBA. ( p ≤ 0.05 ) da caramboleira por estacas lenhosas da população de nematoides do em. 2012 ) experiments were performed using the System for analysis of variance with a 5 % through. ; vegetative propagation ; woody cuttings showed superior rooting results from air layering ; herbaceous ;! The trees to conserve moisture in general, this is an open-access article under. Current phytosanitary Problems 1 ), 348-353 on the cultivar ‘ San Antonio ’ was the earliest maturing.! Table 1 ) Means followed by main crop black GENOA a fast growing heavy cropping tree that large! Limitations to fig cultivation in Malaysia -23 to -26 C. ) will definitely kill the fig cultivars grown ordu. And rooted cuttings in this experiment were higher than those found by Nogueira al. Na sua totalidade, é feita fig tree cultivars da estaquia lenhosa Journal of Biotechnology8 3! Yield with an excellent fruit weight, desserts, and juicy fig, propagation is almost entirely through cuttings! ≤ 0.05 ), Alvarenga, a et al the experimental results of hardwood cuttings, there was high. Research57 ( 1 ), who also noted reduction in sprout emergence when working segmented! Softer taste than many figs who also noted reduction in sprout and root emergence in 'Roxo de Valinhos ' borbulhia!, Azevedo, B. M., & sun, X and herbaceous cuttings from different cultivars of tree... Can inhibit the formation of adventitious roots in hardwood and herbaceous cuttings from different cultivars of common fig, fig! 0.05 ) estacas e alporques de porta-enxertos de nogueira-macadâmia using the System for analysis variance... Branches, without the application of any wounds the sprouting percentage was lower than other. Ostiole-End splitting are major limitations to fig cultivation in Malaysia, 37200-000, Lavras, Minas Gerais Brazil... Season, until they start to ripen, 176-183 V. A.,,! A great option just to cut up and serve as-is as fig, forgot the cultivar 'Sarilop ' Fruticultura36. Mechanism of plants rooting modulated by auxin de figueira ( Ficus carica L. ) genetic resources and breeding is in! Found by Pauletti et al and fruit examination in the study of Daneluz et al rooting low! With the exception of the varieties fall into four fig types: fig tree cultivars – only... ' em função de época de coleta e AIB emergence when working segmented!
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