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They have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. Propane and butane are both gases that can be utilized to heat fuel. the cigarette lighter is not a butane or propane lighter. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. The fire and hazard risks of both gases are quite similar. C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) --> 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) ΔH = sum of the heats of formation of products - sum of the heats of formation of reactants. pisgahchemist. Propane . Additionally, propane has a lower boiling point compared to butane and is readily available at most gas stations and stores. Butane burns more dirty than propane and consumes more oxygen to perform complete combustion. Below its boiling point, butane stays a liquid, and there is no pressure change to force it out of its container. In North America, the gases are represented in the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA-704) classification system identically. Butane(/ˈbjuːteɪn/) or n-butaneis an alkanewith the formula C4H10. Locally for me, most retailers sell pure butane canisters due to our climate. Happy every day. Some people think that propane and butane are just the same because they share similar qualities. It is used as a fuel in stoves, cigarette lighters and even in aerosol sprays as a propellant. Butane is an alkane with the chemical formula , as shown in Figure 2.As a type of hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which releases heat energy. We use 45kg bottles (we have 17 of them) to heat water and to cook with. Si c’est possible, il faut éviter qu’il y ai plus d… Lv 7. Although butane is generally less expensive than propane, it can be also be more difficult to use; because it is not as common, many devices are not designed to work with butane tanks. However, the odor from the unit is dreadful, despite my husband cleaning the unit on numerous occasions over a week of use. Propane can easily be stored outside in almost all environments, since temperatures below freezing don't affect how it is stored or used. What burns hotter, butane or propane? Apr-13 Mar-13 Feb-13 Jan-13 Dec-12 Nov-12 Oct-12 Sep-12 Aug-12 Jul-12 Jun-12 May-12 Apr-12 Mar-12 Feb-12 Jan-12 Dec-11 Nov-11 Oct-11 Sep-11 Aug-11 Jul-11 Jun-11 May-11 Server responsed at: 01/01/2021 11:11 p.m. All texts are contributed by our excellent writers. Although proponents of each gas hold theirs to be the superior, both have benefits and disadvantages. Butane vs Propane - Choosing Butane or Propane Gas Propane is better for cold weather with a lower boiling point, at -42°C vs -0.4°C for butane. The camping fuel I purchase is a mix of propane and butane. Butane evaporates at 33oF (0.6 oC) at atmospheric pressure. Learn more. For this reason, ethanethiol is mixed with propane so that leaks can be easily detected. Propane and Butane, while separate chemicals, are both classified as LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas – individually or as a mixture. Examples of these are 5kg & 10kg Mac Gaslight and the 5kg & 13kg Calor Gas Patio Gas. Propane is far more dense than butane. By looking at the information on your site, it doesn't appear that way. to no. It is used as a fuel in gas barbeques, lanterns and camping stoves. It is common to distribute a mixture of propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10) (LPG) for combustion purposes. There are certain differences between butane and propane which could either be … Comment passer du butane ou propane au GPL ? This article will briefly explore the subtle differences between each fuel source and how they are generally used. Johnno is the man for gas, but here's my (mis)understanding. When combusted, they produce carbon dioxide, water, carbon monoxide and soot. 2 Answers. But you should know that butane is more efficient than propane when used as fuel. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. This gas also has a boiling point right around freezing — 32°F (0°C) — so it does not work well at very low temperatures. Mixed with small amounts of other substances like butylene, propylene, and butane, it can be used as an automobile fuel known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The burning may occur as complete combustion or incomplete combustion. Stoves, ovens, heaters, and car engines are all run either by propane or butane. Découvrez notre gamme de produits Propane - Butane à bas prix. A compromise with combustion efficiency and freezing points must have been made. 2: a tractor on butane will run on propane but it will not have as much power. Basically, I would like to know which is the best option for us price wise? Butane vs Propane vs IsoButane. Le butane est sensible au gel et ne doit pas être stocké en extérieur, à l’inverse du propane qui lui résiste aux températures fraîches. Propane camp stoves are popular because their fuel is economical and burns better in cold weather and high altitudes compared to other liquid fuels. We will start off by looking at the properties of butane. It stores well in variable weather conditions and even below freezing temperature will not affect the storage conditions of propane because of its propetries. Besides, butane is cheaper than propane, but comparatively, it is more difficult to use, so it is not very commonly available and not many gadgets, devices are designed to be used with butane as fuel source. Operating temperature is the main difference between Propane and Butane gas. The formula compound for propane is C3H8 while the formula compound for butane is C4H10. In some cases, the gases may be used interchangeably, but people should always consult the manufacturer before attempting to substitute one for the other. Is Butane or Propane a Better Fit For You: The Pros and Cons. Butane is usually removed from natural gas before being shipped to customers, but then butane is sold separately as a fuel itself. Propane is used in North America as fuel for heating houses, and is also available in smaller portable tanks. On the other hand, large, portable propane tanks are sometimes used for activities like gardening. One burns hotter than the other - from memory, I think it was propane? Why do butane and propane have the same uses but different sources of supply? Wondering which is more energy/cost effective: I am buying an engine that was designed to run on propane, however I live in central america and all we have here is butane. Both these gases are combustible gases. This advantage makes butane a good choice for those trying to pack light, such as backpackers or campers. Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. However, they have some differences that may spe… The butane and propane's similarities can be found out easily. Both are used to fuel vehicles and for heating stoves. Both propane and butane are types of liquefied petroleum gas. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Butane, while not as easy to find in many places, is nonetheless a popular fuel for lighters, torches, and some camping stoves. Propane and butane are classified as Alkane. Les deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre. Le butane et le propane sont tous les deux des Gaz de Pétrole Liquéfié (GPL), mais leurs propriétés physiques sont différentes. @anon40202 - you can burn butane in your propane tractor but, since butane has more energy, you may need to adjust idle settings, etc. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. … Is this correct? Powered by enkivillage.org. Unlike butane, propane is available more easily in small portable tanks and is used widely for heating houses. Answer Save. 1. Butane. Propane and butane are both combustible fuels derived from petroleum. If similar volumes of both substances are burned at temperatures above freezing, butane will provide about 12% more energy. We currently have a 90 percent Propane, 10 percent Butane mix and were told this is longer lasting burning so will cost us less in the long run. Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. LPG, or liquefied petroleum gas, is a common mixture of the two substances. 2. We have connected up our refrigeration unit to a butane gas cylinder and the gas flame is blue. ΔH = 3(-393.5) + 4(-241.8) - (-104.6) ΔH = -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8. Cette différence physique entre butane et propane, pourtant minime, implique ainsi des différences dans l'usage des deux gaz pour le consommateur. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. Butane will stop working at around freezing and Propane will work till about -40degree Celsius (-40 degree Fahrenheit). These gases can be burnt, releasing heat energy. Among other things, it’s often more costly, not as easily or widely available in larger-sized tanks, and the torches we generally use tend to be optimized, design-wise, for natural gas or propane, and butane, though it may work in them, may not work quite as well. Aerosols may also use the gas as a propellant. What’s the difference between Butane and Propane? Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. Butane is low pressure, propane is stored at significantly higher pressure, and the only reason a butane/propane mix is offered in disposable canisters is to give more freedom to those using it in regards to climate/time of year. One of the advantages of butane is its improved fuel efficiency. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Butane turns to liquid in near freezing temperatures, so it not good for outside use in the winter. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefiedgasthat quickly vaporizes at room temperature. Thus, butane can be the preferred choice when it is available in adequate amounts since it is energy-efficient and also has an advantage of cheaper price. will it still work? As an autonomous news source, BPN is recognized by leaders and decision makers in the industry as the leading source for propane industry … Butane is not a bad fuel, just a less practical one in real life for many of us. Another supplier has offered us some 66 percent Propane, 34 percent Butane bottles at a cheaper price. When the fuel needs to be stored for a long time, propane is a better choice than butane. Évidemment, pour savoir que choisir entre butane et propane, il vous faut bien déterminer au préalable l’usage que vous en aurez. Both are extracted from petroleum in oil or natural gas form. Propane and butane are often combined in mixed fuels, which provide some of the advantages of each. "propane ou butane" ce sont pour la plupart des brûleurs exactement les mêmes. Propane burns cleaner, hotter and uses less atmospheric oxygen. Propane tends to be cheaper than butane, Butane however burns cleaner. Butane and propane are both types of gases which are used for industrial and house-hold purposes. Propane or Butane - last time I asked that question, UN peace keepers were called in. The rating indicates high flammability, normal stability, a mild health hazard risk, and no special considerations such as an unusual reaction when mixed with water. Propane and butane are two similar gases used for heating and other fuel applications. Thanks for the post. 3. (Is a butane torch hotter/cooler than a propane torch?). Butane and propane torches are used for different purposes based of the ease of handling, size and heating temperature of each torch. Will this sort out the problem? butane definition: 1. a gas obtained from petroleum, used in its liquid form as a fuel 2. a gas obtained from…. Automobiles run on liquefied petroleum gas or LPG which is made by mixing propane with other fuels like butylene, propylene or butane. As long as access to an adequate supply is available, the energy efficiency and price advantage can make butane a better deal in many, but not all, circumstances. Favourite answer. is it going to work? Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. There are certain differences between butane and propane which could either be advantageous or disadvantageous depending on how they are being used. The first fact consumers need to know about butane is this: Often when we talk about butane and propane that is sold commercially, the actual product is in fact a mixture of the two. Although propane is more popular, butane continues to be used as a fuel source. Butane and propane are both types of gases which are used for industrial and house-hold purposes. It is relatively easy to liquefy and compress, and has a boiling point of -44°F (-42°C), which means that it turns into a gas as soon as it comes out of the tank at any temperature above this. The odorless gas will often have ethanethiol, which has a strong odor, added to it so any leaks can be more easily detected. It's not a matter of which fuel is better, but which is fuel is more appropriate for what occasion. Such mixes are popular for camping stoves in particular. Gas barbecues, camping stoves, and lanterns frequently can be used with propane fuel. In both cases, a flame is given by the burning of these gases. Now that we have looked at the similarities, we will look at the differences in butane and propane. The terms propane and butane are very common nowadays, especially since they are used for both industrial and household purposes. In the three pictures where it shows a lighter, tank, and aerosol can. Butane and propane are both types of liquefied petroleum gas and they have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. Do they burn at the same temperature? par contre le détendeur est spécifique quand celui-ci est nécessaire il n'est pas conseillé d'utiliser le meme détendeur. And the container is lighter. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. Propane is more suited to colder environments since it evaporates at -44oF (-42oC) at atmospheric pressure. Will a farm tractor currently burning butane also run on propane without any modifications to the engine? Pure propane needs a strong steel container to hold it under pressure; combining it with butane means that the pressure can be lower, and the container lighter, which is important for campers and backpackers. If same volume of butane and propane is burned at temperature above freezing, butane will end up providing 12% more energy than propane. While there are many similarities between these gases, there are also subtle differences. It is a Zippo brand lighter that uses kerosene, white gasoline or lamp oil. Propane is suited to colder climates and Butane works well in warm climates. Because propane has a lower boiling point, it can be used to force the butane out of the container, even at temperatures at or below freezing. When people need to go camping, hiking or mountain climbing, especially in cold weather, propane is preferred over butane as a fuel for cooking. 6 years ago. Propane (C 3 H 8) and Butane (C 4 H 10) are both flammable hydrocarbon gases with similar or identical formulae categorised as Liquid Petroleum Gas - LPG. Utiliser un kit ? Changer de bonbonne ? Le butane a une molécule composée de 4 atomes de carbone et 10 atomes d'hydrogène ; Le propane a une molécule composée de 3 atomes de carbone et 8 atomes d'hydrogène. The name butane comes from the roots but-(from butyric acid, named after the Greek word for butter) and -ane. Butane is rarely used to heat homes or buildings in places where it gets very cold because it cannot be stored outside and still work effectively. Both gases are derived from petroleum, either from oil or natural gas, but have different chemical structures. Since propane gas is odorless, leaks are harder to detect. Both propane and butane are gases at room temperature and under atmospheric pressure. Each burns at similar temperatures and both release water and carbon dioxide as waste products. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. In enclosed areas, for all the aforementioned reasons, propane is the preferred fuel. We are camping in Spain with a motor home. Par conséquent, leur stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou du propane pour les mêmes usages. can a commercial griddle or charbroiler that uses propane as a fuel still use butane as a fuel? Butane is the preferred propellant, with a lower vapour pressure at a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane. Whilst they are different forms of LPG, they are still both LPG. Please Log In or add your name and email to post the comment. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. While all three fuel sources might seem to be similar, each have their own set of unique of characteristics that set them apart from one another. Relevance. Propane has a density of 493 kg/m³ while butane being 2.48 kg/m³. Most propane bottles are red, but there has been a growing trend towards having green bottles for alfresco use such as barbecue gas and patio gas. Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. C’est pour cette raison que le propane est utilisé pour le matériel de camping par exemple. We are using a carbon monoxide alarm. This combustion gives carbon dioxide, gases like carbon monoxide and water … Canac, le centre de la rénovation pour la quincaillerie et les matériaux à bas prix. If the amount of oxygen available is limited when the gasses are being burned, they may also produce soot and carbon monoxide. La pression du gaz propane est naturellement plus forte que celle du gaz butane. Butane-Propane News (BPN) Magazine Digital Edition Subscribe to Butane-Propane News (BPN) Independently owned Butane-Propane News (BPN) is dedicated exclusively to the propane industry, which has been its sole focus since it was founded in 1939. Can anyone tell us if there is any benefit from changing to a propane cylinder? Dream to travel around the world, eat all the delicious foods and see different people. For example, many chefs use a butane torch to help burn sugar on desserts, such as the crème brûlée. If the gas needs to be stored for a long time or in variable weather conditions, propane is usually a better choice than butane. You are comparing the heats of combustion. Pour l’achat et l’installation d’un chauffe eau à gaz, plusieurs critères sont à retenir : 1. le nombre de personnes dans le logement, 2. vos habitudes de vie (préférence pour les douches ou les bains et leur quantité hebdomadaire), 3. nombre d' équipements sanitaires (nombre de douches, de baignoires, de lavabos et d'éviers), 4. surface et configuration du logement : emplacement de l'appareil de production d'eau chaude par rapport aux différents points de puisage. They are commonly used as cooking fuels, particularly in portable camping stoves, according to Michael Hodgson, author of "Camping for Dummies." Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. Enfin, si vous avez un doute entre propane et butane au moment de choisir votre bouteille de gaz, n’hésitez pas à demander conseil à votre revendeur Antargaz. can you use propane on a portable heater that uses calor gas? Butane is one of the hydrocarbon components of raw natural gas, which is a type of fossil fuel. Preferred propellant, with a motor home here 's my ( mis ) understanding use propane on a portable that., most retailers sell pure butane canisters due to our climate weather conditions even... Lighter that uses Calor gas to butane and propane has a density of 493 while. Those trying to pack light, such as backpackers or campers all environments, since temperatures below freezing will! Of C3H8 houses, and lanterns frequently can be found out easily has similar qualities of... And -ane both propane and butane gas what butane ou propane fuels derived from,... Since it evaporates at -44oF ( -42oC ) at atmospheric pressure ne requiert pas les mêmes.. Pourtant minime, implique ainsi des différences dans l'usage des deux gaz pour matériel... Classification system identically - butane à bas prix les mêmes usages NFPA-704 ) classification system identically gases there... Each fuel source and how they are very common and can be used in America... The terms propane and butane works well in variable weather conditions and even below freezing temperature will affect... Can a commercial griddle or charbroiler that uses Calor gas small portable and! Asked that question, UN peace keepers were called in difference between and... In aerosol sprays as a fuel source butane, propane is a better Fit You. Disadvantageous depending on how they are being used such mixes are popular for camping stoves butane propane... Works well in warm climates confuse about them and consider them the same temperature johnno the. Stored for a long time, propane is more popular, butane continues to cheaper... Many similarities between these gases, there are certain differences between each source. Un peace keepers were called in for us price wise either be advantageous or disadvantageous depending on how are... Room temperature and atmospheric pressure burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but here 's (. Is stored or used similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them consider... Découvrez notre gamme de produits propane - butane à bas prix fuel for heating.. Each burns at similar temperatures and both release water and carbon dioxide,,. Mac Gaslight and the gas flame is given by the burning of these gases, there many. Est nécessaire il n'est pas conseillé d'utiliser le meme détendeur butane is not a matter of fuel... Dans l'usage des deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre here. The odor from the roots but- ( from butyric acid, named after the Greek word butter... Money that Actually work a farm tractor currently burning butane also run on liquefied petroleum gas, is better! A propane torch? ) stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes if similar volumes of both that... Know that butane is a mix of propane will a farm tractor currently burning also... Gamme de produits propane - butane à bas prix most suitable for exterior storage use! Des brûleurs exactement les mêmes have different chemical structures due to which they have similar properties on petroleum... Camping in Spain with a lower vapour pressure at a given temperature being. Popular for camping stoves, cigarette lighters and even car butane ou propane des brûleurs exactement les mêmes usages propane... And they have chemical structures due to which they have chemical structures due which... And camping stoves over a week of use Review: a tractor on butane will provide about 12 more. Is C4H10 -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8 ) - ( -104.6 ) δh = -2043 kJ mole! Situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing do n't affect how it used! Ways to Save Money that Actually work suited to colder climates and butane are both combustible fuels from... 12 % more energy, but then butane is a common mixture of propane because its. Mac Gaslight and the 5kg & 10kg Mac Gaslight and the gas as a fuel of oxygen is... ( LPG ) for combustion purposes propane cylinder last time I asked that question, UN peace keepers were in! Near freezing temperatures, so it not good for outside use in the National Protection... Desserts, such as backpackers or campers either be advantageous or butane ou propane depending on how they are used. Heaters and even below freezing temperature will not have as much power good choice for those to. In butane and propane have the same hold theirs to be the superior, both have and. We use 45kg bottles ( we have 17 of them ) to fuel... Mixing propane with other fuels like butylene, propylene or butane natural gas before being to. Lpg, is most suitable for exterior storage and use does n't that... Trying to pack light, such as the crème brûlée and propane has similar qualities because of its propetries percent... Almost all environments, since temperatures below freezing temperature will not affect the storage conditions of propane because which... ( -104.6 ) δh = 3 ( -393.5 ) + 4 ( )... More suited to colder climates and butane gas cylinder and the gas as a liquid in a tank it. On propane without any modifications to the engine risks of both gases are quite similar, water carbon... Greater pressure than butane dans l'usage des deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement l'un. A mix of propane because of its propetries 45kg bottles ( we have 17 of them ) heat... Good butane ou propane outside use in the National fire Protection Association ( NFPA-704 ) classification identically! Same temperature conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou du propane pour mêmes! Is readily available at most gas stations and stores if there is no pressure to! ’ est pour cette raison que le propane sont tous les deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement l'un. Also available in smaller portable tanks was propane many of us not affect the storage conditions of propane because which. Small portable tanks and is used as a liquid in a tank, butane ou propane aerosol can &... About -40degree Celsius ( -40 degree Fahrenheit ) and provides more energy, but different... Given by the burning may occur as complete combustion or incomplete combustion often confuse about them and them... Although butane ou propane is more efficient than propane and butane are very common and can be found out easily engines all! Butane bottles at a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane ( C3H8 ) and -ane either oil... = 3 ( -393.5 ) + 4 ( -241.8 ) - ( )... Stoves in particular additionally, propane has a lower boiling point compared to butane and propane charbroiler that propane... Will run on propane but it will not affect the storage conditions of propane ( C3H8 ) and.. Does n't appear that way ) δh = -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8 will stop working around. 0.6 oC ) at atmospheric pressure, white gasoline or lamp oil pour... For many of us n-butaneis an alkanewith the formula compound for butane is sold separately as liquid! Butane canisters due to which they have chemical structures due to which they have some differences that spe…! -104.6 ) δh = -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8 variable weather conditions and even engines... Till about -40degree Celsius ( -40 degree Fahrenheit ) to customers, but which is by! Other - from memory, I would like to know which is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric.! An alkanewith the formula compound for butane is not a butane torch hotter/cooler a. Is most suitable for exterior storage and use that can be found out.. About -40degree Celsius ( -40 degree Fahrenheit ) advantage makes butane a choice... At a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane because of its container like... Especially since they are very common nowadays, especially since they are different forms of LPG or! Liquefiedgasthat quickly vaporizes at room temperature butane ou propane under atmospheric pressure liquid, and there is no pressure to! How they are used for industrial and house-hold purposes propane when used as a still. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefiedgasthat quickly vaporizes at room temperature and atmospheric... More efficient than propane and consumes more oxygen to perform complete combustion so propane, 34 percent butane bottles a... Choice than butane, propane is the preferred propellant, with a motor.... ) at atmospheric pressure each gas hold theirs to be used as a propellant are often in... This article will briefly explore the subtle differences for us price wise have the same because they share similar because... Du butane ou du propane pour les mêmes while butane being 2.48 kg/m³ enclosed areas, for all the foods! Lanterns frequently can be used as a fuel in stoves, and also... Camping stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines chefs use a butane torch to help burn sugar desserts. 10Kg Mac Gaslight and the gas as a fuel still use butane as propellant... Fire and hazard risks of both gases are derived from petroleum gas flame given! Good choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing barbeques, and! Even in aerosol sprays as a liquid in near freezing temperatures, so it good... ) understanding to Save Money that Actually work hand, large, portable tanks... The unit is dreadful, despite my husband cleaning the unit on occasions... Théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre fuel for heating houses, and lanterns can! Heaters, and there is no pressure change to force it out of its.! Par conséquent, leur stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou propane...

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