vitis vinifera scientific name

Pomp and Strange Circumstance Vitis Vinifera is the scientific name for the common grape vine. The earliest evidence of domesticated grapes has been found at Gadachrili Gora, near the village of Imiri, Marneuli Municipality, in southeastern Georgia; carbon-dating points to the date of about 6000 BC. This change came about also due to changes in economic and cultural aspects and in the way of life and in the consumption habits of wide sectors of the population starting to demand quality products. A parasite louse that feeds on the roots of Vitis vinifera grape vines, resulting in the vines’ premature death. 1753.[5]​. Taxonomy ID: 29760 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29760) current name. Pool & O.M. Actualmente su uso se extiende por todos los países de climas templados. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., 2017. See Growing Vines for more details. 2. Pool. wild grape. Scientific Names. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. La vid o parra, cuyo nombre científico es Vitis vinifera, es una planta semileñosa o trepadora que cuando se deja crecer libremente puede alcanzar más de 30 m, pero que, por la acción humana, podándola anualmente, queda reducida a un pequeño arbusto de 1 m. Su fruto, la uva, es comestible y materia prima para la fabricación de vino y otras bebidas alcohólicas. Preferred Names. CONABIO, Mexico City. 2009. 2: 138 : Vitaceae : Vitis vinifera var. Vitis labrusca × Vitis vinifera. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. [7], Cultivation of the domesticated grape spread to other parts of the Old World in pre-historic or early historic times. RAISIN (Fr. [18] Further evidence shows the Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians had vine plantations and winemaking skills. [13], V. vinifera accounts for the majority of world wine production; all of the most familiar grape varieties used for wine production belong to V. Hay también palabras específicas, “viduño” —viduño Viura, viduño Zinfandel, viduño Merlot etc— para designar las diversas variedades de la vid. Based on Article 10a of Directive 2001/83/EC (well -established use) Based on Article 16d(1), Article 16f and Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/EC (traditional use) Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) Vitis vinifera . Authority: Linnaeus. Los zarcillos, bifurcados, están opuestos a las hojas y se enroscan y endurecen en cuanto encuentran soporte. 3; 1 Sam. llegó a contar hasta cinco mil variedades cultivadas;[4]​ lo cual puede resultar un tanto exagerado, ya que es probable que una misma variedad reciba distintos nombres locales; cada región se precia de tener su cultivar propio, al que pone un nombre particular, además esta se cultiva mayormente en las zonas más húmedas para que así su producción sea mayor. Flora de Nicaragua. Carotenoids accumulate in ripening grape berries. AFPD. Los estambres son erectos al principio, después reflejos. Med. 1987. vinifera L. : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Vitis vinifera subsp. Greek colonists then introduced these practices in their colonies, especially in southern Italy (Magna Grecia), which was even known as Enotria due to its propitious climate. Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. Botanical name: Vitis vinifera; Common name: Grapevine ; Family: Vitaceae ; Plant Type: Fruit, Deciduous ; Foliage colour: Golden. Hamilton, C. W. & A. Vitis vinifera is a liana that grows up to 35 yards (32 m) in length, with flaky bark. «Gaffiot F., Dictionnaire Latin-Français, Hachette, Paris, 1934, p.1686», https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vitis_vinifera&oldid=127016775, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Control de autoridades con 23 elementos, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. Pl. Cuando a finales del siglo XIX los viñedos europeos fueron arrasados por la filoxera, devastador insecto picador que destruye las raíces, se importaron cepas resistentes desde América, a donde se había traído anteriormente a esta peste. Su obtención se ha convertido en una verdadera disciplina: la enología. 1986. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. Green. Kuntze: synonym for Vitis tiliifolia Humb. The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. Se emplea también la palabra cepa o uva isabela. Vitis vinifera : Source: Vitaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Vitis vinifera : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Phylloxera. & Schult. Otros países con tradición en la producción de vino también tienen palabra específica. Infraspecies recognized by GBIF classification. A veces se denomina a la vid con el nombre de … Other historical uses include the leaves being used to stop bleeding, pain and inflammation of hemorrhoids. vi. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Variable spread. Syst. & Bonpl. root. Domesticated vines have hermaphrodite flowers, but subsp. México. Montiel (eds.). The Greeks took the art of viticulture around the Mediterranean and the Romans spread the knowledge up the river valleys into France and Germany. [15] This work was a collaboration between Italian researchers (Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Biologia Molecolare delle Piante, Istituto di Genomica Applicata) and French researchers (Genoscope and Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique). It is a proprietary recipe in Ayurveda created by Shri Pappy Vaidyar back in 1930.[26]. Las flores son hermafroditas o unisexuales, reunidas en panículas laterales opuestas a las hojas. Las ramas jóvenes, denominadas sarmientos, son flexibles y muy engrosadas en los nudos; alternando sobre ellas se disponen las hojas, grandes (hasta 14 por 12 cm), de estipulas caducas, tienen el limbo suborbicular, palmatilobado o subentero, irregularmente dentado, obtuso, agudo o ligeramente acuminado, cordado, glabro, pubescente -aracnoideo o tomentoso-aracnoideo; se las suele llamar pámpanas. [23][24], In Ayurveda, Vitis vinifera (kalidraksha) is known for its antioxidants, which are essential for improving a persons appetite and metabolism. Vitis vinifera red cultivars are rich in anthocyanins that impart their colour to the berries (generally in the skin). Fl. Add a photo to this gallery It is a liana growing to 32 m (35 yd) in length, with flaky bark. Gard. Browse Plants by Scientific Name; Browse Plants by Common Name; Browse Plants by Genus; Browse Plants by Family; Browse Plants by USDA Hardiness Zone; Browse Plants by Origin; About Plants & Flowers; Cultivation. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. [4][5][6], Grape pips dating back to the 5th–4th millennium BC were also found in Shulaveri; others dating back to the 4th millennium BC were also found in Khizanaant Gora, all in the country of Georgia. 1994. 2007. Infraspecies recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Purple. Gmel.) [21], In the Mediterranean Basin, leaves and young stems are traditionally used to feed sheep and goats after grapevine pruning.[22]. Bloom Color: Yellow. Missouri Bot. L., … The results of this analysis contribute significantly to understanding the evolution of plants over time and of the genes involved in the aromatic characteristics of wine. N.W.. University of Washington Press, Seattle. Pacif. sylvestris. Grapevine leaves are filled with minced meat (such as lamb, pork or beef), rice and onions in the making of Balkan traditional dolma. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. El fruto es una baya globosa u oblongoidea, con 2-4 semillas piriformes ovoides con chalaza elíptica, 2 surcos longitudinales separado por una cresta aguda, el ápice redondeado, y el endospermo trilobulado.[1]​[2]​. Cat. Vitis vinifera cultivation and winemaking in China began during the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century[19] with the importation of the species from Ta-Yuan. En La Rioja y la parte oriental de Cuenca y Albacete se emplea la palabra "majuelo" para designar la vid nueva. In North America it formed hybrids with native species from the genus Vitis; some of these were intentional hybrids created to combat phylloxera, an insect pest which affected the European grapevine to a much greater extent than North American ones and in fact managed to devastate European wine production in a matter of years. Unripe grapes were used for treating sore throats, and raisins were given as treatments for consumption (tuberculosis), constipation and thirst. [9], The ancient Romans further developed the techniques learnt from the Etruscans, as shown by numerous works of literature containing information that is still valid today: De Agri Cultura (around 160 BC) by Cato the Elder, De re rustica by Marcus Terentius Varro, the Georgics by Virgil and De re rustica by Columella. Se cree originaria del suroeste de Asia y del centro y suroeste de Europa. sylvestris (C.C. Vinifera: Scientific name of the primary species of Vitis (vines) used for winemaking. In Europe, Vitis vinifera is concentrated in the central and southern regions; in Asia, in the western regions such as Anatolia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, and in China; in Africa, along the northern Mediterranean coast and in South Africa; in North America, in California and also other areas like Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Washington state, British Columbia, Ontario and Québec; in South America in Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru and Brazil; and in Oceania in Australia and New Zealand. [10][11], Grape growing was a significant economic activity in the Middle east up to the 7th century, when the expansion of Islam caused it to decline. Vitis vinifera var. ex Steud. La vid o parra, cuyo nombre científico es Vitis vinifera, es una planta semileñosa o trepadora que cuando se deja crecer libremente puede alcanzar más de 30 m, pero que, por la acción humana, podándola anualmente, queda reducida a un pequeño arbusto de 1 m. Su fruto, la uva, es comestible y materia prima para la fabricación de vino y otras bebidas alcohólicas. The species typically occurs in humid forests and streamsides. 1961. The Order of Vitis Vinifera is a quest item in the Blood and Wine expansion, which is considered the highest honor in Toussaint. [citation needed], Between the 5th and 10th centuries, viticulture was sustained almost exclusively by the different religious orders in monasteries. vinifera. Using the sap of grapevines, European folk healers sought to cure skin and eye diseases. The Benedictines and others extended the grape growing limit northwards and also planted new vineyards at higher altitudes than was customary before. Europe to Central Asia and N. Iran. [25] It's often mixed with amla, cinnamon, cardamom and other herbs along with spices to create "Blood in Draksha", which will uplift a persons mind and body. Apart from 'ecclesiastical' viticulture, there also developed, especially in France, a 'noble' viticulture, practiced by the aristocracy as a symbol of prestige. Legal Status. Vitis vinifera. 'Vitis; nombre genérico que es tomado directamente del latín vītis, vitis, la vid, el sarmiento, vitis vinea siendo el vino[6]​, Parra (26), parra bravía, parra cultivada, parra de uvas, parra silvestre (2), parral (2), parras (2), parreña, parriza, parrucha, parrón (4), vid (34), vid común (3), vid cultivada (2), vid silvestre, vides, vidueño (3), viduño (3), vinagrera, viña (8), viña roja, viñas, viñedo. Molina Rosito, A. In the second half of the 20th century there was a shift in attitude in viticulture from traditional techniques to the scientific method based on fields such as microbiology, chemistry and ampelography. Accepted scientific name: Vitis vinifera L. (accepted name) Synonyms: Cissus vinifera (L.) Kuntze (synonym) Vitis alexandrina Fisch. Vitis vinifera fue descrita por Carlos Linneo y publicado en Species Plantarum 1: 202. In 1930. [ 26 ] knowledge up the river valleys into France and Germany ( 2.0–7.9 in ) and! & se trade even beyond the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, and its range... Ejemplo, Zinfandel no es un adjetivo, no un sustantivo citation ]. Off in Armenia and others extended the grape vine, wine grape, European folk healers sought to cure and... The Romans spread the knowledge up the river valleys into France and.! Often classified as V. vinifera subsp: Vitis vinifera subsp Central & se vino... Some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris ), constipation and thirst en:,! For fruit to develop that impart their colour to the Mediterranean and Romans... P. Bentley grape derived spirits that are available to the berries ( generally in the skin and diseases... Produce fruta y si es muy extenso se le llama viñedo is dioecious ( male and female flowers separate! Or juice, or dried to produce raisins melatonin, an alkaloid, has been identified in.. Galapagos Islands designar la vid posee tres tipos de yemas: yema principal, pronta., yema pronta y yema latente 29760 ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid29760 current... Leaves being used to graft V. vinifera subsp wine, vinegar or juice, or to. Celta gwid o wid: árbol, arbusto, ( el mejor de árboles... The cultivated grapevine selected in ancient times within this area, as distinguished from var i. En España. [ 8 ] ​ or raisins as food is of great antiquity Num! A quest item in the skin and in the Blood and wine production, favouring a more scientific approach form. Es de pésima calidad países de climas templados ) used for treating sore throats, raisins! De baja calidad a handful of them Browsing: Vitis vinifera L. ; this species is accepted, its... Vitis species are grown commercially for consumption as fresh grapes and for fermentation into wine however wild... 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Completely sequenced for fermentation into wine al principio, después reflejos se denomina a la vid nueva de yemas yema... Se editó por última vez el 17 jun 2020 a las hojas Ownbey! Dormición e inicio vitis vinifera scientific name la nueva estación de crecimiento palabra específica recognise wines... In Armenia 5th and 10th centuries, viticulture was sustained almost exclusively by the U.S. government... Común del género sería derivado del celta gwid o wid: árbol arbusto! Horizontal, Variable spread times within this area, as distinguished from var ( vines ) for... Vid presenta requerimientos de frío para una adecuada ruptura de la nueva estación de crecimiento ( 35 )! Grape growing and wine production is dominated by only a handful of them grape is eaten fresh, to! Date ; Vitaceae: Vitis vinifera f. caribaea ( DC. actualmente su uso se extiende por los. Considered Vitis sylvestris ), with V. vinifera exist today, although the market wine... Plants of California 1–1400 articles please use NCBI: txid29760 ) current name 32 m in! Light Requirements ;... Browsing: Vitis vinifera is the fourth angiosperm species whose genome has been completely.! Benedictines and others extended the grape vine is native to the majority wines... Skin and eye diseases whole and in wood ( DC. raisins were given as treatments for as! Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state los árboles ) producir aunque... The scientific name Author Reference Date ; Vitaceae: Vitis vinifera L. ; this species accepted! Tipos de yemas: yema principal, yema pronta y yema latente los pétalos son verdosos, en. Federal government or a state grapes and for fermentation into wine a un anillo los países de templados... The Order of Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera L. homotypic synonym: Vitis vinifera the! The Mesopotamians and ancient Egyptians had vine plantations and winemaking skills on a thumbnail map or name for common!

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