what is unani medicine made of

Under British rule, all forms of healing except conventional allopathic medicine were discouraged. Hence, according to the Unani system, health refers to the state of a human body in which all its functions are carried out in a normal way while the disease is the state in which one or more forms of the organs are abnormal or at fault. For example, a formula known as Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala contains such botanicals as saffron, cardamom, Indian bay leaf, and citron. Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries. 6. It proposes six essentials pre-requisites or ASBAB SITTA E ZARORIAYAH for the promotion of health and prevention of diseases, which include: It proposes that clean and good air is necessary for preventing diseases and maintaining health. The system emphasizes the need for well-ventilated houses. Those items often are unavailable as well, thereby hindering effective treatment. It keeps the life running in the cells and tissues. But Greek Medicine didn’t remain static or unchanging; it continued to grow and evelve as Muslim scholars and physicians continued to make important discoveries and contributions of their own. Within a few short centuries after its birth, the Islamic world had expanded to stretch from the Atlantic ocean in the west to the Indian ocean in the east, from Moorish Spain to the plains of Hindustan. It involves removing the waste materials and improving the immunity or the defense mechanisms of the body to protect health. Harkat-wo-sakoon-e-jismiah (bodily exercise and repose), which emphasizes the positive effects of balanced physical exercise on an individual’s internal resistance and tabiyat. It believes that several ailments can be treated by just regulating the quantity and quality of food. It was the ancient rulers in the north India who provided patronage to the experts of Unani System and enrolled some scholars as court physicians to help this system develop in the country. Unani Medicine: Comparisons and Contrasts with Other Health Care Systems. It is the natural power that is released during the process of metabolism and reproduction. It considers the entire personality of the patient including his physique, structure, make-up, reaction to the environmental factors, defense mechanism, and likes and dislikes. 5. An optimum functioning of the excretory organs is necessary for maintaining the health. AFAAL (Functions) refers to the functions and movement of all organs in the body. Today, it serves as the basic handbook for all practitioners of Unani Medicine. Unani medicines are made from natural substances like plant products. It prescribes diet, drinks, drugs, and some other regiments such as the code of conduct that is favorable for the maintenance and promotion of health for the prevention and treatment of diseases. The medicines are classified into four classes based on their temperament. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. Unani medicine was the first to establish that disease was a natural process and that symptoms were the reactions of the body to the disease. 3. Elements (Arkān): What man and the Universe, both biological and non-biological, including drugs are made up of. The other conventional means of examination of a patient such as inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation are also used for the purpose of diagnosis. Read More. In India several institutions engaged in Unani teaching and research. This system derives its name from the Arabic word, ‘YUNANI” , which originated from the Greek word ‘IONIAN’ in the Greece, as the principles and concept of this Perso-Arabic system were, in turn, derived from the teachings of Galen and Hippocrates, the great Greek physicians during those times. There are various therapeutic approaches available to the hakim. Special Plant-based Milk Recipe for Optimum Nutrition (with Equal Nutritional Value as Cow’s Milk). However, this is an ideal state of a human body, which does not exist. See a licensed medical professional for your health condition. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. But Unani Medicine survived, due to its popularity with the masses, and the safe, gentle yet effective nature of its treatments. It consists of animals, plants and mineral products. Unani medicines are used singly or are compounded with other substances to achieve synergistic, antagonistic, or detoxifying effects or simply as bases for effective ingestion and assimilation. Medicines made with those minerals, when used with caution and expertise, may be effective, but they have significant toxic side effects. Humors are the fluid or moist components of the body that are produced after metabolism and the transformation of 4 elements. The Hellenistic origin of this system is visible in the fact that it’s based on the classical theory of four humors. In addition, the use in Unani medicine of precious stones and minerals, the chief ingredients of many poly-formulations (medicines containing multiple ingredients), is expensive. So, acceptibility of cheap and effective Unani medicine is no problem. If not adversely affected, tabiyat can eradicate most infections without medical treatment, using what may be thought of as the natural defense system of the mind and body. The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM), an undertaking of the Indian government, for instance, facilitated the translation of classical heritage, the organization of clinical trials, the improvement of drug standardization, and the investigation of toxicological and phyto-pharmacological properties of natural products that had long been used by hakims. The system of Unani Medicines was first brought into India by Arabs and Persians. It got fame during Mughal Empire in India and now famous among people in India, Pakistan, several parts of Central Asia and South Asia. Any Unani treatment prescribed by a hakim acts as an outside agent to help boost the patient’s tabiyat and thus restore good health and a sense of well-being. Ayurvedic products are made either of herbs only or a combination of herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials in an Ayurvedic practice called rasa shastra. In the 1920s Indian physician Ajmal Khan revolutionized Unani medicine by advocating that research be conducted on various natural products that were claimed by ancient physicians to effect miraculous cures. Metabolism includes several processes that ensure proper nutrition and growth of the human body. The ancient practice is entirely holistic in its approach. It has developed its own techniques and instruments for performing surgeries. In surgery, at reflex points a puncture will be made to remove some impure blood. Believing that it is only tabiyat that is engaged in actually curing a disease, Unani hakims hold that they only assist from “outside” by prescribing therapeutic relief. As the Unani practitioners were not given the status of a doctor, most of them resorted to practicing allopathic medicines and this has also retarded the growth of this science. The base of the Unani medicine is the same as Western medicine, Hippocrates and his followers. It is a form of a detoxification therapy. Single medicines or combinations in raw form are preferred over compound formulations. Today, the Unani system, with its recognized practitioners, research and educational institutions, and hospitals, forms an important part of the healthcare delivery system in several countries, especially in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. Humours: (Akhlāt) The form taken up by elements in living things. The diagnosis involves determining the causes of disease, which can be achieved by the Pulse (NABZ) reading and the examination of stool and urine. Lustre Press, 1998. In the Unani system of medicine, tabiyat is an individual’s internal power or capacity to withstand or combat disease and to perform normal physiological functions. Based on the concept of balancing body humors. Unani Medicine is based on Hippocratic Theory of Medicine established in Greece by Hippocrates, who believes in four basic elements, also called ‘ANASIR-E-ARBA’. Their names were Latinized, and their medical treatises were imported into Europe and translated into Latin, to serve as texts and reference manuals in the medical schools that were just starting to spring up in Medieval Europe. 5. By using, reading or accessing any page on this website, you agree that you have read, understood and will abide by the Disclaimer, Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Unani Medicine (also called TIBB E UNANI) is a traditional system of medicine originated in Greece, influenced by the ancient science of Ayurveda and became part of traditional Arabic and Islamic medicine. He wrote a five volume treatise called The Canon of Medicine, which became a standard textbook in European medical schools. of India, 1987. Cold and Hot as active qualities and Wet and Dry as passive qualities. In a healthy body, all the organs are in a proper shape or without any structural abnormality and perform their respective functions in an efficient manner. Their balance leads to good health whereas imbalance leads to illness. It enables the organs to recognize and accept the effects of psychic power. It maintains the health of the heart and liver. Unani Medicine (Unani-tibb) also spelled as Yunani Medicine, is the other form of medicine. In the process, Greek Medicine was “Islamicized” into Unani-Tibb, or Greco-Arabic Medicine. The system has a series of elements (arkan) and their qualities as the foundation for explaining life, health and diseases, namely, air, fire, water and earth. Some of these products may be harmful if used improperly or without the direction of a trained practitioner. The use of natural substances quickly made it famous and it became ingenious to the country. For fever, for example, Unani medicine stresses a nutrient-rich, low-roughage diet that might include dalia (porridge) and kheer (a milk broth). Therefore, to maintain a harmonic and synchronized tabiyat, certain beneficial end-products of kaun-o-fasad (genesis and lysis) are retained in the body while harmful ones are expelled. The temperament is considered inequitable when there is an absence of proper distribution of the temperament according to the requirement of the human body. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Best Regards, Solomon J. Hawa (air), in which the quality of the air a person breathes is thought to have a direct effect on his or her temperament and, thus, health. Although a complete system of treatment, the Unani system, similar to other systems of medicine, has drawbacks in terms of application and effectiveness. It presupposes that the natural ingredients have their own temperament and prescribing a medicine that goes well with the temperament of the person can help to accelerate the process of healing. It is essential for the normal functions of the organs and for performing metabolic activities in the body. Unani therapy also pose some restrictions on diet during the treatment. “Unani medicine is a system of alternative medicine that originated in ancient Greece but is now practiced primarily in India. The tablets are usually flat but may also be biconvex. It considers maintaining the sleep and wakefulness cycle essential for good health. The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. Makool-wo-mashroob (food and drink), in which the nutritional value and the quality and quantity of one’s food and drink are believed to ensure physical fitness by strengthening tabiyat. Unani-Tibb (also known as Unani Medicine or Tibb) is a system of medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates and Galen, subsequently developed into a comprehensive healthcare system by Arabic physicians, especially Ibn Sina (aka Avicenna). Everywhere the Muslims went, their Unani physicians went with them, adapting themselves to the local conditions and resources. Unani medicine focuses on the four humors of the human body (blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm) and the cause of diseases is caused by the inequality of all the four humors. Both the amount and quality of food are taken into consideration. This transformation proved that Greek Medicine was flexible, resilient and adaptable enough to absorb and incorporate new developments and influences. Unani Medicine is based on the Greece philosophy according to which, human body is made up of the four categories of elements i.e. This power is located in the heart. The theoretical framework of Unani Medicine was introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC), then enriched by Galen (131 – 210 AD), Rhazes (850 – 925 AD) and Avicenna (980 – 1037 AD). Unani medicine reached its pinnacle between the 13 th and 17 th Century .In the field of unani medicine two names shine the brightest Hakim Ajmal Khan and Hakim Abdul Hameed.Hakim Ajmal Khan championed the Cause of Unani in the pre-independence Era during the period of 1868 – 1927.Hakim Abdul Hameed made very valuable contributions towards stabilizing and modernizing Unani … The Unani system gives high importance to the temperament of the individual while treating any disease. Qurs is a solid form of Unani medication. Unani pharmacotherapy (the medicines prescribed) uses naturally occurring medicines, mostly herbs and those of animal origin and minerals. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. The initial approach to treatment in the Unani system entails the establishment of a regimen to normalize and balance the external factors (e.g., air, water, and food) involved in ailments and diseases. Arz (Earth), Ma` (Water), Hawa (Air), and Naar (Fire) which have a particular Temperaments (Kaifiyat) i.e. The Delhi Sultanate and later the Moghul emperors were great patrons of medicine. But it is not given the seriousness it deserves. Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. It believes that any illness is a product of the following factors: Based on the interaction between these factors, the nature and the cause of illness are determined and an appropriate treatment plan is devised. Ibn Rushd, or Averroes (1120–1198) was a physician and Islamic scholar and philosopher in Moorish Spain. The trace of the medicine goes back to medieval history, especially during the times of the Sultanates and Mughal rulers wherein they used to have physicians who knew Unani treatment. Each hospital should have a separate wing for alternative medicine. It is the Psychic or nervous power. In Unani medicine, conditions are often treated with herbal formulas containing a variety of natural substances. Just as the body needs systematic and planned exercise and rest, Unani medicine holds that the human mind and brain need adequate stimulation and proper relaxation as well. The Diagnosis of an illness in the Unani system is dependent on the observation and physical examination. It believes that the human body is made of seven components including ARKAN (Elements), MIZAJ (Temperament), AKHLAT (Humors), AAZA (Organs), ARWAH (Spirits), QUWA (Faculties), and AFAAL (Functions). Many eminent physicians from Persia and Central Asia came to India not only to seek fame and fortune, but also to find a safe haven from the wars and strife devastating their homelands. Siddiqui named the derived medicines, which included ajmaline and ajmalicine, for Khan as a tribute to his groundbreaking research efforts. Unani medicine strives to find the best methods to help humans lead a healthy life with minimal or zero risks of any sickness. This power is largely released in the liver. Ministry of AYUSH while examining the inspection report of CCIM team in terms of regulation 3 and 10 of the “Indian Medicine Central Council (Requirements of Minimum Standard for under-graduate Unani Colleges and attached Hospitals) Regulations, 2016”, provisions of the IMCC Act, 1970 relevant regulations made there under and as per approved Standard Operative Procedures … Does Sunscreen Application Affect Vitamin D Formation? The goal of Unani Medicine is to achieve the healthy state of individual by balancing these four humours in the body. While Western Europe was in the Dark Ages, Greek Medicine and other branches of classical science and learning found a safe haven in Islamic lands. The meaning of the term ‘Unani’ is medicines that are the symbol of a healthy life. But the greatest of these was undoubtedly “Hakim Ibn Sina”, or “Avicenna”. 4. Relationship Between Tabiyat and Asbab-e-Sittah-Zarooriah. However, Muslims brought it to India. Hakim Ibn Sina (recognized as Avicenna in the west) established Unani medicine as a healing system in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicine. What is Unani medicine made of? Greece’s Islamic neighbors call Greece Yunanistan, or the Land of the Unanis. It presupposes the presence of four humors: blood, yellow bile, phlegm, and black bile in the body. The ultimate goal of this system is the creation of a healthy society through scientific prescriptions. Like Ayurveda, Unani system is also based on the theory of presence of the elements in the human body. The blood dominates in these humours and other humors depend on it. (Herbalist & Alternative Therapist), Community Engaged Archives for Social Change, A Reading of the Brāhmī Letters on an Anthropomorphic Figure, Historic Monmouth house was home to Civil War widow, Critical Mass Reunion: The 1960 Glen Echo Amusement Park Protestors Gather Again, The Unusual Story Behind the World’s Longest Table Tennis Point. 4. Unani medicines are also known as Unani tibb, Arabian medicine or Islamic medicine. They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases (depending on circumstances), or were restored to balance to heal diseases. Apart from Unani medicine’s introduction onto the stage of world history as a legitimate synthesis—in time and space—of primarily Greek and Islamic civilizational influences, there is yet another dimension to Unani medicine that is often overlooked and yet of great significance. These elements together and in different proportions are present in everything alive, or that exists. Find a practitioner using this modality. This system owes its current form to the Arabs as they saved the Greek literature and rendered it to the Arabs and also enriched this system with their own contributions by making extensive use of their knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Pathology, Surgery, and Therapeutics. The treatment in Unani Medicine is based on the holistic approach. It emphasizes the need for keeping water, air, and food free from impurities or pollutants. Apply this paste on the face for about 10 minutes and then wash it with clean lukewarm water. 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